Fundamentals: There is more than One Type of Arthritis!

Arthritis is a disease in which one or more joints swell up or become tender. Pain and stiffness are the main symptoms of arthritis. Although arthritis is not age-related, older people have a higher chance of developing this problem. According to sources, 54% of Americans have arthritis. The kind of arthritis and its intensity may vary, but the problem occurs rapidly. Most people try going for physical therapy to deal with arthritis, but it is not fully helpful.

You must understand the different types of arthritis for a better understanding of the disease. However, the amount of information available on the topic can be a bit difficult to understand. So, we will cover the various kinds of arthritis in this article for your guidance. You can look at these types, compare their symptoms and get a better idea of things.

Types of Arthritis

Following are the types of arthritis that patients experience.

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Thumb arthritis
  • Septic arthritis

It is alright if you do not know all these types. We will discuss the most common ones in detail in this article. So, let us begin.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that causes deterioration in bones. It not only causes problems in the back but can also make the spine fuse over time. The spine becomes less flexible and may also curve forward. Hence, it causes the patient to curve forward. The hunched position is not only painful and uncomfortable but can also cause breathing problems.

You may see men struggling with Ankylosing spondylitis more as compared to women. People who have this condition in later life start experiencing early symptoms such as inflammation in the eyes. Although there is no proper treatment for Ankylosing spondylitis, you can still reduce it over time with physical therapy and professional assistance.


Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis that most people deal with. A person dealing with gout may experience sudden extreme pain and redness in their joints. The condition may reduce your range of motion and make it complex for you to carry out simple tasks. People who suffer from this problem have sudden pain attacks which might last for several hours, mostly in the toe.

Gout patients report a burning sensation in their toes during an attack. The joints and the muscles become so inflamed that even a bed sheet feels like you have too much weight on the toe. These gout symptoms may come and go over time, but you must reach out for assistance that you may need.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

People often think that children do not have arthritis. Not only is that untrue, but it is also a serious concern in the United States. The URMC claims that 300,000 children in the US have joint diseases, and around 50,000 have Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

Children under the age of 16 are most vulnerable to this kind of arthritis, and the condition can be painful for them. Pain and stiffness in joints are some of the most common symptoms children deal with in this condition. Others may also experience swelling for a few months. There is also a possibility that children experience these symptoms for longer periods. These children cannot move shoulder muscles or perform simple tasks without feeling pain.

Growth problems, rotator cuff tears, prolonged joint damage, and eye inflammation are some other symptoms that children suffering from this condition experience. The treatment for this type of arthritis focuses more on preventing further damage and reducing current symptoms.


Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis that affects millions of people worldwide. CDC claims that over 32.5 million U.S citizens suffer from this problem alone. The number is much higher if we consider the global numbers. People who suffer from Osteoarthritis experience wear and tear in their cartilage which cushions two joints.

You can have Osteoarthritis in any part of your body, but the hips, fingers, back, and knees are the most common places. People may also experience a frozen shoulder in some cases. Patients can manage their symptoms, although you cannot fix the damage done. Lifestyle and dietary changes can help reduce the symptoms and make lives easier. Maintaining a healthy weight and exercising can also contribute as a solution to the condition.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is another popular kind of arthritis that people suffer with. The symptoms of this problem may differ in each case as different people may experience things differently. For instance, some people may only feel pain in their joints, while others may have damaged their organs too.

Vital parts like skin, heart, eyes, lungs, and blood vessels are all at risk in this condition. You should know that it is an autoimmune disease in which the body starts attacking itself. Rheumatoid arthritis can have an impact on the lining of the joints, which can cause bone deformity and erosion over time.

Modern medication seems promising for Rheumatoid arthritis; however, severe cases may still cause permanent physical disability in patients.

Septic Arthritis

Septic arthritis is a painful infection that can enter your body through the bloodstream or any other part of your body. You can also get septic arthritis in an injury that penetrates the skin. Animal bites and trauma are some of their most common examples.

Older adults and infants are at the highest risk of developing these conditions. Similarly, people who have synthetic joints can also suffer from this problem. The biggest problem with septic arthritis is that it is quick and can damage the body severely in a short time. Back pain is the most common problem that you might experience in septic arthritis. However, your shoulder, hips, and several other joints might also take damage from this.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that occurs in people with psoriasis (a condition causing red marks all over the body with silvery scales). Most people who have psoriasis tend to develop arthritis later too. However, these people may start experiencing joint pain in earlier stages than this. Pain in different joints of the body, including the spine, fingertips, hips, etc., is common. Symptoms may flare and have alternate periods of re-emission. There is no cure for psoriatic arthritis, but pain management physical therapy is still a great option for anyone suffering from this problem. It is best to consult a professional if you are dealing with this problem since its treatment and therapy can get quite tricky.


To sum it up, arthritis is a serious problem with more than one type affecting people globally. It is not possible to detect every type on your own. However, anyone who experiences early symptoms, or is already dealing with any kind of arthritis, must seek professional help. Getting treatment in the early stages makes it easier for the body to recover faster in the long run.